How to Store Fresh Herbs to Make Them Last: 6 Methods

冷冻草药
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很少有东西如此有益growing herbs from tiny seedsto large, lustrous plants that produce fresh leaves to use in cooking, baking, drinks, or even DIY beauty recipes.

Reaping the rewards of fresh herbs requires proper storage methods so that when it does come time to add that sprig of mint into your tea or those basil leaves into your pesto, they are still fresh enough to avoid the compost pile. Proper storage of herbs can extend their shelf life to weeks instead of just a couple of days and cut down on food waste.

There are several methods to store fresh herbs and ultimately personal preference will dictate which one you opt for.

嫩与硬草药

有两种类型的草药:嫩而坚硬。

嫩的草药具有柔软的茎和叶,例如香菜,香菜,薄荷,细香葱和罗勒。这些草药在您的手中li行,很容易弯曲而不撕裂。

Hard herbs have a tough stem and will likely snap when bent, such as rosemary, thyme, marjoram, bay leaves, sage, and oregano.

How to Store Herbs in the Fridge

冰淇淋中的欧芹

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To store tender herbs在冰箱里,用冷水充满高杯。将草药放在茎上,然后将茎放在水中(像花一样)。定期更换水(每隔几天)。

为了帮助草药在冰箱中保留水分,请用可重复使用的袋子松散地盖住它们。如果被发现,草药可能会损失太多的氧气和棕色。通过这种方法,嫩草药可以从一到两个星期保持新鲜。

A similar approach can be taken with hard herbs. Take a cloth, tea towel, or bamboo paper towel and get it damp. Wrap your sprigs of hard herbs with a wet towel and store the bundle in a reusable bag, container, or a closed fridge drawer. This will keep the herbs from losing oxygen in the same way that the bag over the tender herb works. Hard herbs, including rosemary, thyme, chives, sage, and oregano, can last two to three weeks this way.

How to Store Herbs Whole in the Freezer

托盘中的草药冰块的特写镜头对抗白色背景

vasylyna maksymovych / getty图像

Freezing works well for basil, chives, oregano, lemon balm, mint, and tarragon. They can still be used like normal fresh herbs in cooking, though they will be limp and wet within a few minutes out of the freezer. If they are stored in an airtight container, frozen herbs can last for up to a year.

Hard herbs like rosemary, dill, thyme, bay, or sage should be spread in a single layer while still on the stem on a flat surface and placed in the freezer. Once frozen, the herbs can be transferred into a reusable airtight container. They should not stick together since they were initially frozen separately.

薄荷,欧芹和香菜等嫩草药的叶子可以从茎上清除,并在冰中冷冻。使用容器或冰立方托盘,然后将其包装在切碎的或全叶草药中。用水覆盖并冷冻。如果您使用冰块托盘,则可以将立方体移入密封的容器中。

如何使用油将草药储存在冰箱中

Parsley frozen in oil

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Place your chopped herbs in an ice cube tray and pour olive oil over them until fully covered and freeze them. When you are ready to cook with your herbs, the olive oil for your recipe will already be included in your cubes. Basil freezes well in olive oil; so do parsley, cilantro, and sage.

冷冻后,可以将立方体从托盘中取出并转移到密封的容器中。您的草药应该持续六到九个月。

How to Store Herbs as a Puree

Basil herb puree

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草药泥是一种储存一种植物的大量收获的特别好方法。果泥也可以与其他口味一起定制,以提前准备进餐。香蒜酱是需要大量草药的一个很好的例子,可以冷冻以供以后使用。

要制作草药泥,请从茎上剥离草药叶。您将至少需要2杯的草药。将叶子放入食品加工机或搅拌机中,并用约1/4杯橄榄油涂抹。混合直到您具有平稳的一致性为止。根据需要添加更多橄榄油。

You can store your puree in an airtight container or freeze it in an ice cube tray for individual serving sizes. The puree method works well with basil, parsley, oregano, and dill.

只需添加油,您的草药泥就可以持续六到九个月。预警:当您与它们一起烹饪时,草药泥立方体会非常集中,因此要有很长的路要走。

如何在室温下存放草药

Bringing the garden into the kitchen
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冷藏或冷冻草药通常可以保证更长的保质期,您还可以通过将它们像一片花瓶对待,在室温下将新鲜草药存储在厨房柜台上。

将叶子放在茎上,但在将茎放入水中之前修剪茎。一个可选的步骤是用袋子覆盖草药以保持水分。

Keep the herbs out of direct sunlight. Check them daily and remove any leaves that have yellowed or darkened. Also, change the water daily. Hard herbs like parsley, rosemary, and thyme can last seven to 10 days on the counter. Basil also works well with this method.

How to Store Herbs After Drying

草药束干。

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干草药是保存新鲜草药的一种流行且持久的方式。硬草药干燥特别好。

各种各样的存在干燥新鲜草药的方法包括使用烤箱悬挂它们,使用微波炉和食物脱水器干燥。

干燥与具有强烈风味的草药,例如鼠尾草,百里香,牛至和迷迭香。干燥后,应将草药储存在密封的玻璃容器中,在没有阳光的凉爽干燥的地方,例如地窖。干草药可以持续一年。